Light, water, and air are the basic requirements for the growth and development of any plant.
If you create a good micro-climate for plants then they don't mind you enjoying long vacations with other family members.
We have figured out the following plant survival guide for you which you can use.
1. Placement of the plants
Analyze your spaces for light, wind, and temperature. Select the spot which doesn't heat during the daytime or receive scorching sunlight or gusty winds.
Most indoor plants don't withstand direct sunlight and dry winds. It can dry out plant growing media, dehydrate foliage, or rupture delicate leaves.
Choose places like windows, balconies, or porch where plants can receive ample filtered or indirect sunlight, low winds, and optimum temperature.
2. Grouping of the plants
If you know about your plants, you can group them based on light requirements and water requirements.
You can group plants like low light required plants e.g. Sansevieria, Zamia, Rubber, Yucca, Agloenema, money plant, philodendron etc... or medium-light required plants like Peace lily, spider plant, croton, dracaena, Arthurian, begonia etc... or light-loving plants like Jasmine, tuberose, roses, kalanchoe etc...
You can also group plants based on water requirements like moisture-loving plants e.g. calathea, peace lily, stromanthe, coleus, fittonia etc... Some plants require watering once in 2 to 3 days or have aerial roots for taking extra water from an environment like pathos or money plant, philodendron, Swiss cheese plants etc... or there are few varieties of the plants which may grow well without watering them for a week or two like Sansevieria, Zamia, Yucca, Rubber plants, Succulents, and cactus varieties.
3. Materials and methods
Keeping in mind long time vacation
Growing media plays a very important role in keeping plants hydrated for a longer time. Also, it is the only source and support to fulfil all plant's demands.
Growing media should be well-drained and have a good water holding capacity.
You can add or mix hydrating agents like water gel, clay balls, perlite and vermiculite to strengthen Growing media.
It can be covered with mulches or coconut discus to restrict water loss.
If you keep plants in an airtight place or keep plants submerged in water or kept under low light conditions- it may change the microbial composition of growing media and it can also help in growing harmful fungus and bacteria.
The old and hardened growing media keeps water for a longer time, which blocks air circulation and hampers water and nutrition intake of the plants.
Pots and planters
Indoor plants are confined to their limited resources as most of them are grown in pots and planters. The ideal pot should have open drainage holes at the bottom for excess water drainage and keep air circulation around roots.
Avoid using damaged, old, and soiled pots.
Keep pots clean and dry, remove algae from the surface of the pot and check drainage holes are opened.
If your rooms are dark and don't receive an ample amount of sunlight then you can arrange and use Horticulture lights available in the market.
These lights provide plants suitable wavelength which boosts photosynthesis activity.
If you have installed a Drip irrigation system for pot plants or vertical green walls, irrigation timers can be useful in managing watering schedules.
Water trays are shallow water-filled trays kept in and around grouped plants to provide required humidity.
Water wicks or water syringe.
This wick works on the principle of capillary movement of the water.
The bucket is filled with water and kept at a little higher height. The long cotton wicks or shoeless are deep into the water to establish a water channel. One end of the wick is submerged in water bucked and the other in potting media.
The water flows continuously as the growing media dries from bucket to plant pot.
- Keep plants close and equidistant to receive an equal amount of light and air. Keep atheist 3 to 6 cm space among plants.
- Make sure growing media is not hardened and sticky.
- Make sure windows are little opened for air circulation.
- Make sure curtains are not closed and plants are receiving an ample amount of sunlight.